August 30, 2023

What PCOS Supplements Should I Take?

What PCOS Supplements Should I Take?
Quick Links


What PCOS supplements should I take?

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) affects 1 in 10 women of reproductive age, according to the Office on Women's Health in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. This article delves into the world of supplements and how they can potentially alleviate symptoms of PCOS.

What Is PCOS?

Definition and Prevalence

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that commonly affects people with ovaries of reproductive age. The rate of PCOS occurrence is notably high among women in India. According to combined data, nearly 10% of Indian women meet the diagnostic requirements for PCOS based on Rotterdam's or AES criteria. Using NIH criteria, however, the prevalence drops to 5.8%.

The Hormonal Imbalance

PCOS is characterized by an imbalance of hormones, including elevated androgens ("male" hormones like testosterone), which can lead to irregular menstrual cycles, excessive facial and body hair, and acne. Insulin resistance is also commonly seen in individuals with PCOS, contributing to weight gain and increasing the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Clinical Manifestations

The symptoms of PCOS can vary widely among individuals but often include irregular periods, heavy bleeding, excess hair growth, acne, and weight gain. Fertility issues are another significant concern, as PCOS is one of the leading causes of infertility in women.

Diagnosis Criteria

There's no definitive test for PCOS. Diagnosis usually involves ruling out other potential causes for your symptoms and may include ultrasound examinations, blood tests, and a medical history review. The Rotterdam criteria, which require at least two of the following three: irregular or absent ovulation, elevated levels of androgenic hormones, or polycystic ovaries, is commonly used for diagnosis.

Long-Term Health Risks

If left untreated, PCOS can lead to serious health complications, including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and an increased risk of endometrial cancer. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment are crucial.

By understanding the different facets of PCOS, from its hormonal roots to its various clinical manifestations and long-term risks, one can better approach treating and managing this complex condition.

Should I Take Supplements For PCOS?

The Case for Supplements

Studies suggest that supplements can be a helpful addition to the treatment plan for PCOS, especially in managing hormonal imbalances.

What the Science Says

According to a 2018 study published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, Inositol, a type of sugar, has shown promise in balancing insulin levels in PCOS patients.

Our Supplement Research Process

Evaluating the Efficacy

We sift through scientific literature and consult healthcare experts to identify the most effective supplements.

Safety Checks

We also look into the safety profiles of these supplements, considering any possible side effects or drug interactions.

Different Types of PCOS Supplements

Hormonal Supplements


Inositol has been shown to help regulate insulin and testosterone levels, which are often imbalanced in women with PCOS. A European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences study found that inositol supplements could improve menstrual regularity and ovulation in women with PCOS.


Chasteberry, also known as Vitex, has a long history of use in balancing female hormones. Some preliminary studies suggest that it might help regulate irregular menstrual cycles, one of the symptoms often associated with PCOS.

Metabolic Supplements

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Omega-3 fatty acids are well-known for their anti-inflammatory effects. A 2019 Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism study showed that Omega-3 supplements could improve insulin resistance in PCOS patients.


Magnesium plays a role in numerous bodily functions, including insulin regulation. A 2023 study has shown that magnesium supplementation could help improve insulin sensitivity in women with PCOS.

Antioxidant Supplements


Resveratrol is a natural antioxidant in red wine, grapes, and berries. A recent meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials has shown that resveratrol has been shown to reduce testosterone levels and insulin resistance in women with PCOS.

N-Acetyl Cysteine (NAC)

NAC is another powerful antioxidant. Studies, such as one published in Clinical Therapeutics, suggest that NAC could help improve fertility in women with PCOS by improving egg quality and regulating hormones.

Immune-Boosting Supplements


Zinc is a trace element with immune-boosting properties. While studies on its effectiveness for PCOS are limited, a 2020 study published in Nutrients analyzed 36 randomized, controlled studies on women's reproductive, pre-, and post-menopausal populations. The study observed that zinc supplementation positively affects many parameters, especially those related to insulin resistance and lipid balance.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D deficiency is common in women with PCOS. A meta-analysis of existing randomized controlled trials RCTs indicates that vitamin D supplements can somewhat improve lipid metabolism and reduce insulin resistance and elevated male hormone levels in patients with PCOS.

Remember, it's essential to consult your healthcare provider before starting any new supplement regime, especially if you have pre-existing conditions or are taking other medications.

How Much Should I Take?

Hormonal Supplements


The recommended dosage of inositol varies, but studies have typically used doses ranging from 2g to 4g daily. Always consult a healthcare provider for personalized advice.


The recommended dosage is often around 20-40 mg once a day, usually taken in the morning. Dosage can vary, so consult your healthcare provider.

Metabolic Supplements

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

A typical dose for omega-3 supplementation is around 1-3g per day. Check the EPA and DHA content, as they are the active ingredients.


Magnesium doses of 250-400 mg per day are often recommended for PCOS. However, this may vary based on individual needs.

Antioxidant Supplements


The doses used in studies often range from 100-1500 mg per day. Because the purity and strength can vary between products, it’s essential to consult a healthcare provider for an appropriate dosage.

N-Acetyl Cysteine (NAC)

Dosages for NAC can range from 600mg to 1800mg per day, divided into 2 or 3 doses. Consult your healthcare provider for a tailored approach.

Immune-Boosting Supplements


The recommended dose of zinc varies but is generally around 20-30 mg daily. High amounts of zinc can cause toxicity, so never exceed the recommended dose without medical supervision.

Vitamin D

The recommended dose can vary widely depending on individual vitamin D levels. However, doses typically range from 400 IU to 5000 IU per day. It’s crucial to test your vitamin D levels before supplementing.

Always consult your healthcare provider before starting any new supplement, especially if you have pre-existing conditions or are taking other medications. These are general guidelines and individual needs may vary.

When To See A Healthcare Provider


Regular check-ups are crucial to monitor the efficacy of the supplements and any potential side effects.

Emergency Symptoms

Immediate medical help is needed if severe side effects like chest pain, difficulty breathing, or heavy bleeding occur.

Some FAQs

Is it safe?

Most supplements are generally safe but consult your healthcare provider for personalized advice.

Will it cure PCOS?

Supplements are a complementary treatment and should not replace traditional medical treatments.


Supplements can offer a viable option to manage PCOS symptoms. However, consult a healthcare provider for personalized treatment options.


Share this article

Livest Health's assurance

crossmenuchevron-down-circle linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram